Skin and Shell Infection in Reptiles
Skin and shell infection in reptiles can be serious problems. Reptiles are prone to developing various types of infections. The most common infections tend to involve their skin and shells. These infections are very serious. This article will discuss skin and shell infections in reptiles, the causes, symptoms, and treatments.
Skin and shell infections are usually bacterial or fungal. These infections usually occur when a reptile lives in a dirty environment. Cleanliness of a reptile's home is vital to their health. Dirty tanks as well as ones that are too humid, are the ideal environment for bacteria and fungi. These conditions are improper for reptiles, but they allow microorganisms to reproduce, spread, and compromise a reptile's immune system. When a reptile's immune system is compromised they are more susceptible to illness and infection. Once they get one infection reptiles can also develop secondary infections. This often results in their death. Skin and shell infections often occur when a reptile living in a dirty environment has a scratch or wound.
If skin and shell infections aren't noticed or go untreated they can spread to the reptile's bloodstream and other organs, this can be fatal. Infections can also cause permanent damage to a reptile.
There are various symptoms to look out for and they may differ depending on what type of pet reptile you have. Some symptoms include, blisters or fluid-filled skin pockets, pus filled cavities under the animal's skin, sores, soft shell, and shell rot. Infected animals are usually lethargic and have a loss of appetite which can lead in weight loss.
Infections can be treated with topical ointments or oral antibiotics. Reptiles may also need medicated solutions or baths. A veterinarian can determine if an infection is bacterial or fungal, which can help with deciding on the most effective treatment. If infections are severe a veterinarians may have to perform surgery on the infected reptile.
The information provided on this site is for informational purposes only and is not intended as a substitute for advice from your veterinarian or other health care professional. You should not use the information on this site for diagnosis or treatment of any health problem or for prescription of any medication or other treatment.